Karwa Chauth 2017 (Karva Chauth): Date, Muhurat Timings, Significance, Pooja Vidhi, Katha
Karwa Chauth day is also known as Karak Chaturthi , Karwa or Karak refers to the earthen pot through which water offering, known as Argha , is made to the moon. Karwa is very significant during Puja and it is also given as Dan to the Brahmin or any eligible woman.
Among the many festivals celebrated in the Hindu calendar, an important one for married women is Karwa Chauth, which sees them fast all day on Sunday October 8 for the safety and longevity of their husbands.
Karwa Chauth 2017: Puja Muhurat Timings
Karwa Chauth Puja Muhurat – 18:16 P.M. to 19:30 P.M.
Moonrise on Karwa Chauth day- 20:40 P.M.
Pooja Samagri (List of Items Required)
- Karva Chauth (Mata) Image/Photograph
- Decorated Karva -1, Circular Sieve – 1 (Chalanee)
- Sindoor , Dhoop Batti , Agar Batti, Roli, Mouli/Janeu, Ghee/Oil, Kapoor, Mitti Diya (2 to 3), Paan Leaves / Betel Leaves – 1, Cotton, Rangoli Powder , Small garland of flowers – 1-2 garlands
- Clean Drinking Water, Raw Rice grains- 100 gm., Supari
- Red bangles, Bindi, Alta, Nail Polish, Hair Clips, Red Saree, Mehndi, other decorative items as needed
- Fruits, Sweets
- Any other food items made at home based on your preferences
Karva Chauth Vrat Vidhi | The Day before Karva Chauth
This is also the day to prepare ‘sargi’. Sargi, also known as Sargahi, is the food that is consumed by fasting women on the day of Karva Chauth early in the morning before sunrise.
- Typically, the mother-in-law must prepare the ‘sargi’. This offering consists of both food (like fruits, sweets, puris, kachoris etc.) & cosmetic items (like sindoor, jewelry, a red saree etc.).
- If you are doing the Karva Chauth vrat alone, you can prepare the sargi yourself at home.
Karva Chauth Vrat Vidhi | On the Day of Karwa Chauth
On the day of Karva Chauth, wake up 2-3 hours before sunrise (typically around 4 am). After finishing your morning routine, have ‘Sargi’ as breakfast before the sun rises. Drink as much water as you can during this period. The fasting phase begins with sunrise. Keep thoughts of Goddess Parvati, Lord Shiva, Lord Ganesh and Lord Kartikeya in your mind. Stay Positive.
Pooja Vidhi (List of steps to follow to do worship)
- Around 4 pm in the afternoon, cordon a small square area (40 cm x 40 cm should be sufficient) next to a vertical wall inside or outside your house. Clean the area with water. In the middle of the area make a Swastik mark with wetted Turmeric.
- Against the vertical wall, place the Karva Chauth Calendar.
- In the area before the image, place a small bowl with raw rice grains.
- In a plate place other puja items – roli, mouli, haldi powder, a glass of clean water or a glass of milk, a clean betel leaf and a betel nut.
- Place the karva in the center of the Swastik mark that you had made and fill it with water or milk.
- Now close the top of the Karva with its cover and over the cover place grains of wheat or rice and sugar.
- Now apply the roli to the Karva and then tie the mouli around its neck.
- If you are doing the puja alone, prepare another Karva following steps 5 to 6 as above. Place this second Karva next to the image of Karva Chauth. Symbolically, this Karva belongs to Goddess Parvati.
- Now dip the Mango leaves into the glass of water/milk and use it to sprinkle some of the liquid onto the image of Karva Chauth.
- Now apply roli to the images of Gods on the Karva Chauth calendar. Then mix a small amount of haldi (turmeric) and akshat (raw rice grains) and sprinkle it on the image with your fingers.
- You should now place the betel leaf before the image and on the top of it, place the betel nut.
- You can also light a dhoop-batti or agar-batti and place it next to the image as you do the puja.
- The next step is to exchange your Karva with the Karva of Goddess Parvati. This exchange has to be done seven times so that at the end you are holding Maa Parvati’s karva in your hands. As you do these exchanges, recite the following words – “Karva le karva le sada suhaagan karva le. Karva le karva le saat bhai ki behen karva le. Karva le karva le saat putron ki maa karva le.
- Now join your hands and pray to the image of Karva Chauth. Remember to say “Hum apni samajh anusaar puja kar rahein hain. Koi galti ho jaye to humein chhama karna.
- The pooja ritual is now complete. The next step is to do a recitation of the story of Karva Chauth,
- While reading or listening to the story, you should hold some raw rice grains in your fists. When each story is completed, loosen your fist and place the rice grains into the pallu of your saree.
- When the story-telling session is completed, keep both the karvas aside and donate them to a near-by temple. Similarly the rice grains used during the ritual should also be donated to the temple. Alternatively, you can gift the karva along with other items like cosmetics, fruits, sweets and food preparations to an older married woman in your neighborhood.
- After this puja, touch the feet of all elders in the family to seek their blessings.
After the Karwa Chuth Puja, women wait for the moon to open the fast.
Worship the Moon God by making symbolic offerings of different pooja items.
- First worship the Moon with the plate that has a lit diya on it as well as other pooja items. You can show the diya to the Moon by moving the plate in a circular motion around the image of the Moon.
- Pick-up a small amount of the akshat and turmeric with your fingers and sprinkle them in the direction of the Moon.
- Then offer the pot of water to the Moon. For this, hold the pot in the direction of the Moon and pour some of the water into the ground before you. Ensure that you leave some water in the pot as you will need it to break your fast.
- Finally, close your eyes and pray to the Moon asking for whatever it is that you wish for.
- Now through the circular sieve look at the Moon and then at your husband. You can also balance the diya on the lower rim of the seive as you do this but it is not necessary as you have already used it during the puja of the Moon earlier.
- Your husband should now break your fast by first offering you some of the water from the pot. Then he can feed you some of the food items from the plate with his own hands to conclude the ritual. You can also seek the blessings of your husband by touching his feet. (In case your husband has also kept the fast, you can break his fast by offering him water and food from the same pot and plate respectively.)
- You can now enjoy a meal with your family.
Karwa Chauth Katha (In Short)
The most well known story which explains the significance of Karwa Chauth starts with a queen named Veervati, who was the only sister among seven brothers.
Married off at a young age, she celebrated her first day-long fast at her parents’ home, but was desperate for the moon to come out so she could eat and drink again.
Her brothers couldn’t bear to see her suffering, so created a mirror to make it look like the moon had risen.
When she broke her fast in error, she received a message saying her husband was dead, and was heartbroken, weeping all night.
After speaking to a goddess who appeared to her, she asked to observe the fast again with dedication so she could see her husband alive.
Her wish was granted, and Yama, the God of death, brought her husband back to life.